William Butler Yeats biography :
The 13th of June 1865 marked the entry of Irish poet, dramatist,
mystic and civil servant, William Butler Yeats into the world.
Yeats’ father was John Butler Yeats, and his mother was Susan Mary
Pollexfen. Their family was very artistically inclined. His brother
was a well-known painter, and both his sisters were actively
involved in the Arts & Crafts movement.
From Dublin, the family moved to London. Yeats was initially
educated at home, but in 1877, he was able to enter the Godolphin
School. He studied there for four years but was considered by his
masters as a mediocre student. The family returned to Dublin in 1880
and in 1881, Yeats continued his education at the Erasmus Smith High
School until he left in 1883.
He started writing poetry between these periods and in 1885, his
first poems were published in the Dublin University Review. His
earlier works include Irish Fairy Tales (1892), The Celtic Twilight
(1893), and The Wanderings Of Oisin And Other Poems (1889).
Yeats returned to Ireland in 1896 and reformed, first the Irish
Literary Society; followed by the National Literary Society. In1897,
he co-founded the Irish Literary Theater. He met and married Georgie
Hyde-Lee in 1917, and together, they collaborated on a book on
marriage entitled, A Vision (1925).
In 1923, Yeats was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, and in
1934, he and Rudyard Kipling received the Gothenburg Prize for
Poetry. His autobiography, Autobiographies of William Butler Yeats
was published in 1938.
Yeats suffered from several illnesses in his old age, and on 28
January 1939, Yeats was laid to rest. He was 73.